Types of facelifts available

Face lift treatments are used by men and women all over the world, to deal with the abnormalities of the aging skin.

An experienced and capable plastic surgeon will execute this procedure with an arty eye and extraordinary attention to detail in order to make sure that the patients are left with insignificant scarring and stunning, natural looking outcomes.

There is a wide array of surgical procedures available to choose from. Each uses a different approach or incision type depending on where on the face they are being used. This available variety enables surgeons to use the procedure process most suitable to the area under surgery and the results being pursued to maximize effectiveness and minimize the possibility of complications. If you are curious, your surgeon will provide a detailed description of the planned procedure and what techniques they will be employing

Below is a list of various types of face-lifting techniques.

#1 SMAS lifting

SMAS stands for Superficial Musculo Aponuerotic System. The SMAS layer consists of suspensory ligaments that encase the cheek fat. It is a popular method for facial rejuvenation. During the procedures, tissues in the mid-facial region and cheek bones is lifted and repositioned. The facial muscles are lifted and repositioned along with fatty layers above them. Modifications to this technique led to the next two types, “Deep plane” and “Composite”.

#2 Deep-plane facelift

Deep-plane facelifts are used to effectively treat the underlying deep tissue layers and lean muscle group with the goal of improving nose to mouth lines (nasolabial folds), giving you a stronger jawline and a more pronounced chin. The effects could last for 10-15 years. It is the most common type of face-lift performed, especially on older people.

#3 Composite facelift

Like in the SMAS face-lift, the composite face-lifting also emphasizes on rejuvenating the face. It involves tightening the platysma muscles, and lifts the cheek tissue to reposition the fat, and to lift the cheek fat back up to the cheek bone. It will often require a brow lift as well to smooth the excess skin around the eye.

#4 Mid facelift

A mid facelift focuses on the mid-face area, the area between the cheeks, which could flatten by the time we reach our mid-30s. This has the harmless but undesirable effect of making a woman’s face look more masculine over time.

This procedure makes use of several small incisions that are made along the hairline and inside the mouth. This enables the surgeons to access and manipulate the fatty tissue layer in the affected areas, allowing them to be lifted and repositioned easily. The benefits of doing this include significant improvements being made to the nose-to-mouth lines and the roundness over the cheekbones, giving you a significantly more youthful appearance.

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Causes for dark eye circles

Eyes are the windows to the soul. But, what happens if these windows have ugly shades around them? Well, the shades in the form of dark circles under the eyes can be quite embarrassing. It not only makes one look older, but also gives an ominous look to the face. Furthermore, these dark circles are not restricted to older people alone. It can also occur in children and youth, as well. So, what are the reasons for these gloomy circles around the eyes?

Some of the main reasons you might want to consider dark eye circle treatment are:

  • Lack of sleep or excess of sleep: If sleep is not balanced, and a person lacks it, or overdoes it, the dark circles are bound to appear.
  • Alcohol and smoking: If one is addicted to alcohol or smoke a lot, then, the dark circles make their way into their lives as well as on their face.
  • Hereditary: Some people inherit good genes from their ancestors, while some others end up inheriting the dark circles.
  • Allergies: People suffering from nasal congestions and colds can also find these circles enveloping their eyes. This is due to their blood vessels getting dilated around the area.
  • Stress: This is one major reason that causes ominous-looking circles. While stress is a part of life and is unavoidable, we can try to minimize the circles.
  • Old age: With the aging process, the skin loses its thickness and starts sagging and darkening.
  • Iron Deficiencies: Iron is a very important nutrient for the blood and a deficiency of it can prevent the oxygen from getting transmitted to the eye tissues through blood.
  • Crying: Well, people who are emotional or are going through a lot of turmoil end up crying a lot, leading the way to dark circles.
  • Exposure to sun: When exposed to the sun, the body produces more melanin, which can lead to skin pigmentation.
  • Illnesses: Some illnesses like Mononucleosis, jaundice, Periorbital Cellulitis can also cause puffiness around the eyes.
  • Excessive salt intake: When too much salt is consumed, it leads to fluid retention in the body. And, this can again lead to dark circles.

Whatever the reason for dark eye circles, these need to be treated with proper medications and treatments. There are some effective dark eye circle treatments, which might include injectable fillers and other laser procedures. These can reduce the puffiness and lighten the circles around the eyes.

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Benefits of Lutein

Though every one of us may naturally be healthy, many of us tend to forget the fact that we must make efforts to maintain our health. One of the main mistakes we commit is to eat wrong foods that do not contain any nutrients. We are oblivious of the fact that this may lead to a number of health issues in future. Among such nutrients, lutein is very important because it can help us avoid being affected by ailments that are caused by free radicals that seem to be all-pervasive. It has also been proved that if we do not get sufficient lutein, we may be affected by issues with our stomach as well.

It is true that there are foods like eggs, corn, green and leafy vegetables, etc. that contain lutein. But unfortunately, we do not consume these foods as much as we should and hence, we are deprived of lutein. The only way to surmount this problem is to go for lutein supplements. Let us now look at how lutein can help us maintain the health of our stomach.


Free radicals enter our body through a number of sources, such as the air we breathe, the foods we eat and so on. The oxidative effects of these free radicals can be felt in many ways. One such effect is that there may be stomach disorders. We all know that the stomach is the organ that digests what we eat and ensures that the energy and the nutrition we get from the foods are passed on to various organs of our body with the help of our blood.

But when free radicals are allowed to act, they may make the digestive system sluggish, which means the body parts will not get the required nutrition or energy. This is one of the reasons that cause fatigue, lethargy, etc. in us. Lutein can nullify the impact of free radicals and invigorate the digestive system. To put it conversely, those who ignore the aspect of getting adequate quantities of lutein are more susceptible to getting affected by issues like indigestion and other stomach related problems.

In a nutshell, these supplements can work wonders to protect our stomach from the onslaught of free radicals. This means we can have a healthy digestive system that supplies a good amount of energy and nutrients to all our body parts. Therefore, our overall health will be excellent thanks to the benefits we get through lutein supplements.

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Surgery is not the only way to get back the looks of your 20s

Aging is a natural process. The impact of time and our current lifestyle usually shows on our skin. But today, there is such a wide range of treatments available in the market, which can help you stay young and maintain that 20s look for longer period of time. These treatments are both surgical like chin fillers and non-surgical in nature and are administered depending on the need of the skin. Here are some of the non-surgical procedures that take off a couple years from your skin:

Botox – Botox or Botulinium Toxin Type A is a protein derived from bacteria is an injectable toxin. Botox is injected in the skin in minute quantities and it works by relaxing the muscles under the skin. There is a decrease in the pull force on the surface of the skin, thereby smoothing any wrinkles in that area. Results of botox last between 4-6 months, depending upon the patient’s age and skin condition. If the lines on the skin are deeper and there is a substantial loss of skin elasticity, then other procedures like a threadlift or thermage are more effective.

Juvederm – Juvederm is a gel that contains hyaluronic acid, which is a type of sugar that is naturally prepared by the body to give elasticity and volume to skin. Juvederm when used in gel form can easily penetrate the skin and helps in giving a smooth and natural look. The Juvenderm gel works by binding the collagen and elastin together and the results can last for more than six months. The procedure is better compared to others as further deterioration of skin is also minimized with Juvederm.

Restylane – Restylane is also gel that removes wrinkles and gives volume to the injected area. The gel is a mixture of hyaluronic acid and water and is a perfect remedy for wrinkles on the chin, cheek lips and smile lines. Results of this technique can last up to six months.

Thread lift – Thread lift works by pulling the skin from underneath using strings. The technique is not that similar to a face-lift since the results of a thread-lift can last for a couple of months after which the skin begins to droop again and tightening is needed.

Thermage – Treatment of skin using thermage results in the building of skin collagen and restoring those perfect contours. The thermage technique makes use of radio frequency called ThermaCool. These frequency sources heat the skin and naturally restore collagen. The entire procedure takes about four months and the results are slow and steady. Thermage procedures work well for removing wrinkles, particularly on the neck, jawline, chin and upper eyelids. The results of this technology can last for a longer duration, which makes it a costlier treatment compared to other counterparts.

There is an expert team of dermatologists who help their patients to identify which of these techniques best suits to their patients who plan to undertake chin fillers in Singapore.

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How is Hydrogen Water different from Alkaline Water?

When you read articles on improving your health, you would have come across terms like “alkaline water” or “hydrogen water.” Many of you may not have heard of these products before since they are fairly recent developments in the fields of science and medicine. They were created to benefit our lives, make us healthier, and hopefully increase our lifespans. The benefits of these products are many, which is why they have become popular among fitness enthusiasts as well as doctors who recommend them. Let’s understand them better.

What is hydrogen water?

To put it simply, hydrogen water is regular water that contains dissolved hydrogen gas. Usually, you also find small amounts of magnesium as well. Magnesium is added since it reacts with water and breaks it down to hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Izumio Hydrogen Water is also created by electrolyzing ionizers that result in the formation of oxygen and hydrogen atoms. It is manufactured and sold under different brand names such as Izumio Hydrogen Water.

What is alkaline water?

This product can be described as regular water with a high pH level. On the pH scale, 7 is considered neutral, and anything above this is alkaline. The alkalinity range goes all the way up to 14. Alkaline water is produced using water ionizers and normally contains magnesium and calcium hydroxides. These compounds are known to be beneficial to the human body.

What is the difference between hydrogen and alkaline water?

The most distinctive difference between these products is what they are. One is a hydrogen-rich product while the other is alkaline. They are also manufactured using different processes. Despite their differences, both hydrogen water and alkaline water have great benefits for human health.

Hydrogen water is known to contain a lot of antioxidants, which are really important in preventing and reversing the harmful effects of free radicals. The hydrogen atoms neutralize free radicals and help eliminate them from our body. Hydrogen also plays a major role in gene expression and cell signaling. Another major role is the production and release of hormones like ghrelin which stimulates appetite. Studies show that hydrogen-rich water can benefit our systems in many other ways as well.

Alkaline water is also reported to be very beneficial to our health. It can help correct health problems like bone loss, weight loss, acid reflux, high blood pressure, digestive issues, etc. Alkaline water also provides better hydration than regular water, which makes it a very popular drink among athletes.

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Laser Treatment For Hyperpigmentation

Excess melanin causes hyperpigmentation on our skin, resulting in dark spots, freckles, sun spots, age spots, melasma and other darkened skin patches. These can be caused by exposure to the Sun, acne, hormonal changes, aging, and maybe even skin treatments that have gone wrong. Hyperpigmentation is usually harmless, but some may not like the aesthetic effect that they have. Wearing broad spectrum sunscreen is a good way to avoid getting spots, but there are various treatments available if you already have spots. Prescription ointments have been around for a while, but nowadays laser treatment is preferred as it provides better results. Most notably, Q-switched laser treatment is very effective in treating hyperpigmentation as it can remove pigment quickly and without scarring.

What is Q-switched laser treatment?

An Nd:YAG laser uses a crystal as a medium for the laser light and has a wavelength of 1064nm. This laser wavelength is capable of reaching deeper into the skin tissue compared to other types. A Q-switched laser is when an Nd:YAG laser produces two wavelengths – the 1064nm infrared and a different beam of 532nm wavelength which targets the superficial layers of the skin. In Q-switched mode, the laser produces high intensity beams in very short pulses. Q-switched laser can remove any unwanted dark spots, brown spots, sun spots, melasma and even tattoos from your skin.

Q-switched laser procedure

Protective eye-wear is worn during the procedure to protect the eyes from the laser. Topical anesthetic may be applied if required, but usually the pain is bearable. The sensation of the laser pulses is like hot pricks on the skin. Cold air is applied over the treatment area during the entire procedure in order to alleviate the hot, prickly sensations. After the procedure, an ice pack can be applied to soothe the treated area. Avoid scrubbing the treated area for at least a week following the procedure and avoid direct exposure to the sun and heat. It is advisable to moisturize the treated area with vaseline and keep it covered with bandages. A crust of skin will form and heal within 2 weeks. There is no downtime after a Q-switch laser treatment, but you can take it easy on your activities depending on which part of your body was treated.

If you want to try out a facial laser treatment, Singapore has some clinics that offer q-switched laser treatment for facial hyperpigmentation as well as for other issues, like acne marks, fairer skin and skin rejuvenation.

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Pest Control Agencies Explain the Process of Extermination

Pest extermination is an elaborate process and is not limited to ‘kill-on-sight’ tactics. The procedure involves the following steps:

  • Structural and biological identification of the pest: The control measures deployed is species and morphology specific. The first step is thus identification. Structural identification gives an insight on the morphological characteristics of the pest and its behavior – is it nocturnal or active during the day? Depending on their activity a management process is devised. Weather also plays an important role in deciding the level of infestation.
  • Assessment and Inspection: After identifying the pest is inspection and assessment of spread. The process of assessment is done methodically. The technician is provided with protective gear as some tick bites are poisonous. The main reason for ineffective pest control treatment is improper assessment of infestation levels. Inspection identifies the regions of concentrated infestation. Harborage sites are identified and appropriate measures are taken. Few cases like roach infestation calls for a night inspection.
  • Treatment methods: Two approaches can be adopted – chemical and non-chemical. The professional decides which option works best after considering the implications and effectiveness of both strategies. The method of treatment also varies from domestic to commercial properties. In most cases, prevention is the first line of defense. Preventive measures like regular cleaning and sealing cracks can nullify the susceptibility of ants and rodent infestations. Chemical methods of pest control include spraying toxic formulations to the harborage sites. The chemicals used must be effective against eggs lest the problem reappears. Residual sprays are used first as they are easy to operate and have broad spectrum activity. In a few cases, sprays are ineffective if they are washed off (in the case of pools).  Non-chemical methods include setting up traps and baits.  This method is used to capture large pests like rodents.
  • Safe disposal of the insecticide: When chemical insecticides are used, safe disposal is important. Most of these chemicals are highly toxic with a very low lethal dosage. Safe disposal of pesticide is covered by Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority, Public Utility Board and National Environment Agency in Singapore. Unused or used pesticides cannot not be emptied out into water bodies or drains, this poses a potential threat to human and animal health. Disposal of pesticides, both agricultural and non-agricultural, is carried out by specific agencies.

Most pest control services in Singapore have tailored procedures suitable for different needs. Consult a professional service like PestBuster for any queries.

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Rodents: a carrier of deadly diseases

Rodents are known to be carriers of diseases. In fact they are one of the most potent groups among mammals who spread diseases. They have been able to not only adapt but also exploit a number of habitats and environments across the world. In agricultural and urban spaces, they have been a reason of quite concern as they are categorized as pests. Although a large section of rodents live in wild habitats, a small section have been able to adapt to urban setups, living in close proximity to the humans. They use agricultural products and waste of the urban population as their food. However, they sometimes predate upon furniture and food items, therefore becoming a carrier of deadly diseases. Even in advanced places like Singapore, rodents are a source of great trouble. Thus rodent control in Singapore is a basic need.

Diseases are spread by rats and mice. Unhygienic and dirty conditions lead to rodent infestation. Diseases can be directly transmitted by the rats or may spread through their droppings and urine. Whatever may be the source, diseases spread by rodents are very harmful and can turn into epidemics. Thus it is important that clean and hygienic conditions are maintained to keep an area free of rodents.

Diseases spread by rats:

Rat bites and rat scratches can be a cause of diseases and rat-bite fever. Leptospirosis is caused by rat urine, causing damage to liver and kidney. It can go to the extent of causing renal failure and even cause cardiovascular problems. Another disease caused by rodents is Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCMV). This disease is caused by a virus spread from the urine and saliva of rats. The effects of this disease may be felt for a short span of time or for a lifelong span.

Another most dangerous disease caused by rats is bubonic plague. This disease is extracted from the fleas from the rats bite human beings. This plague is also called the ‘black plague’ due to the effects it had during the medieval period in Europe. In history, that epidemic is referred to as ‘Black Death’. Plague is much under control now but is not yet eradicated. Even in urban areas like Singapore and Japan, plague can strike. Hence rodent control in Singapore should be practiced. There should be regular inspections from pest control centers to keep a check on rodent infestations. Apart from this, by all means one must maintain a clean and hygienic environment.

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Common signs of a cockroach problem

Though many of us come across cockroaches frequently, we may not know that these insects, being nocturnal, like to feed and live during nights and in dark surroundings. This means sighting a cockroach during day-time can be a sign that your building has been infested with these insects. 

Cockroaches like moist places for hiding and breeding and so, you can find them behind refrigerators and beneath the stoves or sinks. They can be found under the floor drains, or inside the motors of major appliances. They are capable of flattening their body and so, can fit even in narrow spots. So, they can be found underneath rubber mats, within the wall-cracks and behind the wallpaper of buildings.

If you apprehend that your building has been infested by cockroaches, you can be certain of it if you see their feces all around. The feces of small cockroaches resemble black pepper or coffee grounds whereas those of large ones will be cylindrical droppings. If you see large quantities of these feces, you can construe that these insects have been living and breeding in your building for many weeks.

Some of the cockroach species can emit unpleasant odor as well. This means that one of the commonest signs of a serious infestation of cockroaches is a musty odor or a strong oily odor. Furthermore, you can also see dead cockroaches all around your building. You can also see oothecae or the egg cases that are oval-shaped in hidden locations like the spots behind the furniture and between the books.

Once you are certain that your building, regardless of whether it is your home or office, has been infested by cockroaches, you should take immediate steps to eliminate them lest it becomes a major problem. Remember, cockroaches can spread serious diseases and so, ignoring them may pose a serious threat to the health of the inhabitants of your building. 

It is true cockroach control is difficult but it is not impossible. You should get in touch with the right pest control company and discuss with the experts of the company. The professionals of the company should visit your building for assessing the enormity or extent of the problem. This will help them devise their strategy to eradicate this menace.

Not only that, depending upon the seriousness of the problem, they can adopt the right ways for helping you. A good pest control company may not only help you in cockroach control but may also provide you with suggestions as to how you can prevent recurrence of the problem in future.

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All about Mosquito Fogging

A mosquito fogging operation aims to kill or eradicate adult mosquitoes that are the cause of spreading the deadly disease: dengue fever. The dengue virus affects the mosquitoes when they suck blood and bite a patient who is already suffering from dengue. If you live in a locality that is vulnerable to dengue attack, you can approach a good pest control company to carry out the task of mosquito fogging.

Insecticide used

Usually, pest control companies use an insecticide that is not much different from the other insecticides that form a component of the insect’s sprays used in your households. These products are easily available on the shelves of your neighborhood supermarkets. The fog is created by a special fogging machine that sprays a mixture of both water and insecticide to form droplets.

The fog constitutes of very little insecticide and can be scattered in quantities that are capable of killing only very small insects like mosquitoes. This means you need not fear that the mosquito fogging activity will have an adverse impact on the health of people who could be exposed to this special fog occasionally. Moreover, the kind of insecticide which a pest control companies use is devoid of any kind of odor.

What is mosquito fogger?

It is a big machine that can be noisy while being used. Generally, it is taken to the affected site in a truck’s back. The vehicle moves slowly, usually powered by an alert light on those roads that are badly affected by dengue fever.

Residents of the area need to keep the windows and doors of their homes open while fogging is being carried out so that the fog can make its way inside a house to kill the mosquitoes present inside. Typically, a mosquito fogging activity is conducted during early morning or early evenings as these are the times when the dengue virus affected mosquitoes get more active for sucking human blood.

How mosquito fogging can be more effective?

Though mosquito fogging in Singapore can help in killing mosquitoes that carry the dengue vector, it is not sufficient to kill all mosquitoes or protect all from catching dengue infections. In order to control and bring down outbreaks of dengue, you need to make sure that a host of other actions is also taken side by side. Some of them are to control the breeding of mosquitoes in your backyard such as in buckets, containers for storing water, drums, and tires. Apart from that, you should do be careful about your personal protection by applying mosquito repellent before going to bed and wear outfits with long sleeves.

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