Teaching: an indispensable part of preschool education

No educational institution is complete without a teacher. A child cannot assimilate the knowledge completely if he or she is not exposed to a good teacher. Hence teaching is very important for shaping the future generation. Earlier people had an isolated existence. But times have changed and now every citizen is a global citizen. Hence there has been some very prominent changes in the teaching style and approach. A new approach that has come up in teaching is the international approach to teaching, as every child would become a global citizen in future.

One such preschool that can provide such an environment is Mulberry Learning Preschool Singapore. Check their website out here: http://mulberrylearning.com

Here are some criteria of an international educational system:

International educations makes the child adapt to different languages and cultures.

It involves an inclusive way of teaching where the child is made aware of his or her own culture and also know about the other cultures.

There is a holistic growth of the child as the child learns to acknowledge and recognize others and their different cultures.

The spirit of enquiry within the child is kindled in this process of teaching.

International preschool education teaches the child application skills. In various subjects the child is taught to apply the knowledge that he or she has assimilated individually and from others.

By taking an international approach to deal with local problems, one truly makes the child a global citizen.

Teaching is far more flexible and adaptive in nature than in the orthodox teaching style. It is also far more inclusive.

Last but not the least, the assessment is also of the international standard, setting a benchmark for everyone.

Hence when you apply now or RSVP now to any school, ensure they have an international approach to teaching.

Importance of multilingual teaching:

Another new approach to teaching in the recent times is the multilingual teaching process. As mentioned already everyone is a global citizen, hence it is important that one is more adept in multiple languages than just ones mother tongue and any other official language. It has been seen that children who are versatile linguistically have better analytical skills. They also have better social skills and can grasp academic concepts better.

The reading and writing skills of children who know more than one language are far more superior to those who are not. Also, multilingual teaching makes a child aware of other languages and more adaptable to other cultures.

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Do Schools Have The Right To Dictate Whether Kids Can Or Cannot Change Their Appearance?

Everyone encourages kids to be kids, use their imagination, think out of the box and so on and so forth. However, schools the world over have been trying to draw the line with the way kids dress to school.

When you are enrolling your child for a preschool education in Singapore , here is a list of do’s and don’ts for children. If you are a parent looking to send your young one to a preschool, check out this Chiltern House Review for an honest review of preschools in Singapore.

Let us look at whether a school has the right to dictate whether children can or cannot change their appearance.

1. With families shifting from one continent to the next, children in the classroom are not a uniform predisposition – cultures and traditions differ from one child to the next. For instance, a child that sports a turban or a veil should not be requested to change her/his appearance to blend in with the rest of the class. It is intrusive.

2. A child who likes to wear her/his hair longer or shorter, with a slight change in appearance does not pose a problem to the education system In fact, if the little one during preschool education wants to experiment with a change of hair color, and does not neglect her/his studies, that should not be a problem for the school.

3. The other side of the story is a rigid education system that expects a uniform code of conduct by every child. The reason why many educators prefer this method is to instill a sense of discipline in the child so that s/he is able to concentrate rather than becoming a fashion icon for the rest of the class. Of course, this is debatable.

4. Schools generally follow certain rules and regulations. Some schools are quite authoritarian in their outlook which can pose to be a problem for parents who expect their children to be taught tolerance along with the syllabus. By instilling a strict and almost dictatorship mentality may give rise to children being scared.

5. A school is a place where children need to inculcate a sense of learning, understanding, observing, and bettering their brain power. Along the way, they are also taught social skills so that they become better people.

In Sum
While it is wise to ensure that kids are taught discipline, enforcing a uniform code does not make a child want to better her/himself. The objective and the focus is on trying to outshine the other. That being said, however, children are not expected to wear whatever they like or dress haphazardly while at school. Some element of discipline is the best way forward without too much of an imposition.

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A Few Reasons Why Teachers Need Training Before Teaching Kids

There is a critical difference between a tutor teaching foreign students a common international language and a teacher expected to teach children in kindergarten school.

If you are looking for a holistic kindergarten education for your child, do consider Chiltern House Kindergarten School. They have engaging activities to grow your child, and have good facilities to support your child. Do visit their website above.

Here are a few reasons why teachers require training before getting a job to teach kids.

One of the most imperative needs is that every teacher is expected to be an understanding person. Teaching a child in preschool is even more essential as kids at that stage tend to get cranky, fidgety, bored easily, and may cry at the drop of a hat or do anything random. That does not mean that the teacher needs to be quasi-parent – a firm understanding is required.

Without the basic knowledge in the realm of teaching one cannot stand at the helm of the classroom and impart knowledge. Every educator needs to have a training degree under her/his belt before joining a school as an educator. Many men and women, who have children, may feel that they have the skills, but that does not cut it, an educational qualification is the need of the hour.

Basic Math
Without being able to figure out the methodology of teaching children how to add, subtract, divide and multiply, in the early years, a teacher cannot take on the role. It is very crucial that the person has the knowledge and ability to explain through simple methods to a classroom of young restless kids. The idea is to get the child’s brain geared up for additional coursework in the later year.

Social Skills
Aside from providing a wide angled lens to students in the areas of education, teachers are required to know how to improve social skills among students. It may not take a degree to get it right, but as a part of the teachers training manual and curricula, the requirement remains. Ergo, imparting the need to better the social skills of children in the class is important for every educator to have on her/his belt.

Having read until this point, we hope that you have realised that kindergarten is not a trivial period for your child, and you should pay utmost attention to the quality of kindergarten you intend to send him/her to. Check out Chiltern House today to find out more about Chiltern House’s activities.

Soothing Voice
Students in the early years tend to freeze when they have a strict disciplinarian at the helm. While discipline is required in a classroom, being overly strict never won anyone any brownie points. Teachers, especially in the early years, are expected to have a soothing voice and cannot be nasty or rude to kids. Children do not know what is going on with adults, their thinking and reasoning ability is simple. In this regard, a teacher with a calm and collected manner will always be respected and loved by the students.

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How to Plan an Activity Area for a Nursery

The activity area of the nursery school is probably the place where the children will be spending most of their time. This is why the planning of this area is crucial as it needs to hold the child’s interest as well as be safe for the child while they learn. Each of the areas in the room should be dedicated to learning and should also be designed in such a way that the Childs interest is peaked and they are enthusiastic to learn more. Most importantly while planning this area you have to look at what it teaches the child.

If you intend to send your child to a nursery, do consider Chiltern House Nursery School. They prepare your child for formal education, and their activities include lessons in linguistics, Mathematics, Science and social group learning. If you are serious about a holistic education for your child, do check their website above.

Block Area
This area should ensure that the child is prompted to build something. It should be filled with things such as wooden and cardboard boxes along with the standard foam blocks that schools usually have. If the children are slightly bigger they can also be allowed to play with smaller things that they can build creative structures with.

Play Kitchen
This is a great way to promote pretend play among the kids. They can imagine that it is a restaurant, a cafe or even their tree house. This area doesn’t even just need to be a kitchen you can keep changing the space to look like different things so that the children can pretend to be in a different place every week or months.

You should have a section of the activity room set out as a library where the children can find many books. This not only helps the child learn languages but also helps them develop a love for books and reading.

Arts and crafts area
This should be the area where the child can let their creativity flow. It is where all of the craft supplies and colors are kept so that they use it whenever inspiration strikes.

Sensory Table
A nursery school is where the child develops their sense of touch, this is where they learn how different materials feel. You can use this area to help the child discover different properties of things like snow, buttons, sand, water, beads, etc.

Outdoor area
It is very important that the child is given some time to play in the fresh air during their time at nursery. This area should be safe for the child and well supervised any time the children are playing here.

Writing area
This is another important area in your room. This is where they will develop their writing skills.

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What Are The Best Ukeleles For Beginners?

It is advisable for first timers to try somebody else’s ukelele in person before looking to buy one for themselves. There are a number of simple ukelele tutorials available online, so people can easily get a feel of playing a ukelele. Without checking out a ukelele in person, people will never be able to make a good decision on the ideal ukulele for them. Once this is done, the next step is deciding the budget for the ukelele.

If you are looking for ukulele lessons for your child, you should consider Ossia Music School. They not only cater to the young but also cater to adult learners. You do not have to sign up for many classes at one go, there is also an option for a few classes to test your interest. If you are keen to learn the ukulele, you should check out Ossia at their website here: https://ossia.edu.sg/course/ukulele

The good news is, there are ukeleles available for each and every kind of budget, so people need not worry about lack of options no matter what price point they set. Most ukelele veterans who have been conducting ukelele classes in Singapore for many years now are of the opinion that a decent ukelele costs around fifty US dollars. More expensive ukeleles are made with wood instead of plastic and are adored for the excellent tonal characteristics that they offer. Investing more money into a ukelele is known to have motivated people more to master it, so if people can afford to get an expensive one then they should definitely get it. The vast majority of ukelele novices start their first lesson with a ukelele that is available within two hundred US dollars. In this article we shall discuss, what are the best ukeleles for beginners.

Makala Dolphin Soprano ukelele
Most people will be amazed at the quality of this ukelele considering how low it costs. Even though they are made out of plastic like all other low-cost ukeleles, they offer a decent tonality that is more reminiscent of the expensive ukeleles. Most people who buy this, replace the default strings with higher quality ones for greater durability. To sum it up, this ukelele is the best budget ukelele ever made hands down.

Donner concert Mahogany ukelele
When it comes to value for money ukeleles, nothing can trump this particular model. Experienced ukelele players love this ukelele for its tonality and stronghold of tune. Most of the budget ukeleles cannot produce good tones higher up the fretboard, but this ukelele is an exception to the norm. Once the strings of this ukelele get accustomed to the playing style of a person, it will not need frequent adjustments to maintain the tonality, which is every ukelele player’s dream, come true. For those who want to carry their ukelele in style, this model comes with a stylish case to boot.

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Learn about How Playing The Guitar Can Make Your Life Better

Most people would have noticed that a lot of guitarists appear really calm and composed at all times, irrespective of whether they are performing at someplace or not. They have a unique glow on their faces which makes them look significantly young despite their age. Now this may be due to the fact that, they are naturally blessed with youthful skin no doubt, however it still does not explain its presence on almost all guitarists. Going by Occam’s razor, it could be that the guitar is indeed an amazing elixir of life, one which bestows its players with excellent health. It is an open secret that playing guitar does make people smart, who knows? It might have many such benefits which are yet to be discovered. It does not matter what kind of guitar people choose to learn, whether electric or acoustic, the benefits it bestows is the same. If you are looking for a place to learn guitar, do check out http://ossia.edu.sg/course/guitar/. In this article we shall discuss, how learning guitar can make your life better.

Bid farewell to your stress
Almost everyone’s life is now inundated with stress. The sources of stress are only increasing in number, owing to the increased competition and burgeoning responsibilities.
Whatever the source of your stress, guitar is the perfect cure for it. Studies have even indicated that playing musical instruments like guitar gets rid of stress at the gene level. So to start enjoying a stress free life, learn to play guitar.

Boost the happiness in your life
Many people do not realise this, but playing guitar and listening to their own composition is one of the best ways to feel good about themselves. This is even backed by the study conducted by McGill University, hearing dulcet music causes the brain to exude dopamine. To those who do not know, dopamine is known as the feel good hormone, it is the hormone which makes us happy.

Increase your smarts
As stated before, it is an open secret that playing guitars enhances the brain power significantly. Tasks like playing guitars makes your brain to stop slacking and go on overdrive. It is analogous to going to the brain gym for flexing its muscles. Learning new songs on the guitar causes the brain to make many new neural connections along with strengthening the existing neural connections. It is not surprising that, learning guitars is one of the most popular music course in Singapore currently.

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Top myths about taking violin lessons



When we start learning anything new, a number of myths that are passed on from one to the other greet us. The same is true for violin too. There are a number of myths associated with violin lessons as well. We are here to familiarize you with these myths and debunk them.

1. Adults learn violin for every reason other than wanting to learn it
It is highly common for people to think and believe that if an adult is opting to learn violin, he or she is doing so only because they are bored, want to do some self-introspection or simply want a change in their career. This is very unfair since learning is a process that does not see age; you can begin learning anytime you want to and that should not be misleading. The worst thing you can do to a learner is to discourage them even before they have begun. You should not judge a person and his decision making.

And anyway, how does it matter at what age do you begin learning an instrument?

2. If you are an adult learner, you will have difficulty to absorb anything new.
This is a highly wrong perception that as an adult you cannot learn as quickly and as efficiently as a child can. The truth is that as an adult, you have the better ability to grasp concepts and learn things than you had when you younger. This is connected to brain development and most importantly to a person’s ability to not fall during challenges and more pressures.

Also, a child loses concentration quickly, which can result in the learning pace being slower. You too, as an adult, can have concentration problems but it is easy for you to start again and pick up from where you left. This is not because you have to do it, but because you want to do it. You have the choice to decide if you want to learn the concept or not; you can also decide how far you want to go with the musical abilities that you possess.

3. As an adult, you will not have enough time to devote for your practice.
Just as the other two myths were wrong, the myth that adults cannot devote time to violin is also wrong. While it is true that adults have more responsibilities than children, it is also true that they can take out time for violin practice. Adults may have to continuously juggle between work, studies, personal life, childcare and more, but they can squeeze in time for violin too.
True, as an adult, you might not be able to devote as much as six hours a day to practice, but if you are consistent in your practice, that shall not be a problem. All you have to be able to do is schedule your practice every day and get the best out of your classes, this way you can continue getting better at your learning process. When learning violin, it is not quantity that matters but the quality you produce and deliver.

When people say adults are not good learners of violin, they are making a false claim. Learning as a process does not have a time period or expiry date, and anyone who has a love and interest in the musical instrument can learn – despite what year of their lives they are in. Go out there and give your heart and soul to it and let the magic of violin unfurl and take you to unbelievable heights. Enroll for you violin classes in Singapore at Ossia Music School today.

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Are you a beginner? Here are some techniques you should know for playing a violin?

Playing an instrument can be very challenging especially when you are playing an instrument for the first time and you have no idea where to begin and where to end from. Violin can be a very difficult instrument and it can be very daunting for people who have never played a stringed instrument before. Playing a violin can be very good for your brain and your mental health too, and if you teach your kid to play violin at young age then it is even better for them.

Let us take you through the various techniques that you should know as a beginner.

You need to make sure that you purchase the right violin

Violins come in various sizes and you need to make sure that you purchase the right size of violin to begin with. There are sizes available for kids and these can be very small, as an adult you need to buy the correct size so that you are able to hold the instrument in the right way and have no difficulties with the posture, while sitting and playing the instrument or even while standing.

Buy from a reputed seller

A reputes seller will guide you in many ways. Since you are a beginner you will not know a lot of technical details pertaining to the sound of the violin and the make of the violin. A reputed seller will sell you a violin which will be apt for you and he can also give you a few tips so that the next time you buy a violin you make not of some of the finer details in sound, string quality and the wood that is used in order to make the violin. These things really affect the way the violin sounds.

Tune the violin first before starting to play it

In order to play the violin, you need to tune it first. All the strings G,D,A, E need to be tuned in order to play the violin in tune. Tuning the violin without a tuner can be difficult for a novice and it would be best of you buy a tuner which an electric device which can be used to tune the violin. You can tune the violin first in order to play it and then start. This should be made a practice every time you want to play the violin.

You need to grip the bow properly

In order to play an instrument it is very important that you know how to hold it properly and do it in the way it had been prescribed. This is because it is a tried and tested way to hold the instrument and needs to be replicated every time someone wants to play the instrument. You need to grip the bow by laying the middle of your index finger on the grip, place the little finger on the flat part of the grip and the thumb should be underneath the grip. It might feel uncomfortable first but later you will get used to it.

How should you hold the violin?

The violin should be held with a straight back even when you are sitting or standing. You need to bring the butt of the instrument near your neck and rest the lower half of the violin on your collar bone holding it in place with your jaw. This will not let the instrument slide off.

Hence these are some tips and tricks to start playing a violin and slowly with practice you will be a good player. Also, you can take up a course Let your violin classes pay off .

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Improve the Texture of the Skin and Hair with iZumio 


To keep the body going, we need to hydrate it and water does the job and since it is an essential component of the body, it is very necessary. The body constitutes a considerable percentile of water where the skin, cells, organs and tissues need hydration to keep going. When the body is dehydrated, it cannot function as a whole. Due to this health related problems like dry skin, hair fall, constipation, allergies, hypertension, vertigo and a host of other health related woes occur.


The Benefits of Hydrogen Water on the Skin


The skin as we know it comprises of a number of cells that need the right amounts of water to keep it going. Instead of opting for anti ageing treatments that can skyrocket, iZumio water will definitely remove the dead cells and provide your skin with the right tone and texture.


Right amounts of water replenish the skin tissue to increase its elasticity. People suffering from a variety of long playing illnesses like eczema, psoriasis and early wrinkles benefit tremendously with the hydrogen water.


Digestion improves and shows an improvement on the skin as the toxins are done away with in favor of healthy glowing skin. There is nothing like a cold shower to ease the skin into the right mood so that it gets the proper dosage and improves in time.


The Benefits of Hydrogen Water on Hair


The hair thrives on water and the right amounts of shampoo, serum and simple treatments to keep it looking glossy and healthy. As you drink about a liter of iZumio water a day, you will notice the difference.


A lack of moisture on the hair makes it brittle, prone to split ends and hair fall. Many of us use any kind of water. Bore well water, for instance, has too many unnecessary minerals that destroy the roots of the hair.


The scalp and roots have a series of nerves that receive and transmit signals to the brain. The right amounts of water should be drunk every day to eliminate hair related worries like acute dandruff, lumps on the head, and so on and so forth.


Arresting hair fall or ridding the body of the horrid grey that creeps in suddenly can be a torture. One may require a series of programs by a Trichologist while the other requires a color change every fortnight or month. Hydrogen water gives the hair a new lease of life and slowly improves the texture of the hair and rids the dreaded grey.


Read up on the website http://alces.com.sg for more information to make you a believer.

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Types of facelifts available

Face lift treatments are used by men and women all over the world, to deal with the abnormalities of the aging skin.

An experienced and capable plastic surgeon will execute this procedure with an arty eye and extraordinary attention to detail in order to make sure that the patients are left with insignificant scarring and stunning, natural looking outcomes.

There is a wide array of surgical procedures available to choose from. Each uses a different approach or incision type depending on where on the face they are being used. This available variety enables surgeons to use the procedure process most suitable to the area under surgery and the results being pursued to maximize effectiveness and minimize the possibility of complications. If you are curious, your surgeon will provide a detailed description of the planned procedure and what techniques they will be employing

Below is a list of various types of face-lifting techniques.

#1 SMAS lifting

SMAS stands for Superficial Musculo Aponuerotic System. The SMAS layer consists of suspensory ligaments that encase the cheek fat. It is a popular method for facial rejuvenation. During the procedures, tissues in the mid-facial region and cheek bones is lifted and repositioned. The facial muscles are lifted and repositioned along with fatty layers above them. Modifications to this technique led to the next two types, “Deep plane” and “Composite”.

#2 Deep-plane facelift

Deep-plane facelifts are used to effectively treat the underlying deep tissue layers and lean muscle group with the goal of improving nose to mouth lines (nasolabial folds), giving you a stronger jawline and a more pronounced chin. The effects could last for 10-15 years. It is the most common type of face-lift performed, especially on older people.

#3 Composite facelift

Like in the SMAS face-lift, the composite face-lifting also emphasizes on rejuvenating the face. It involves tightening the platysma muscles, and lifts the cheek tissue to reposition the fat, and to lift the cheek fat back up to the cheek bone. It will often require a brow lift as well to smooth the excess skin around the eye.

#4 Mid facelift

A mid facelift focuses on the mid-face area, the area between the cheeks, which could flatten by the time we reach our mid-30s. This has the harmless but undesirable effect of making a woman’s face look more masculine over time.

This procedure makes use of several small incisions that are made along the hairline and inside the mouth. This enables the surgeons to access and manipulate the fatty tissue layer in the affected areas, allowing them to be lifted and repositioned easily. The benefits of doing this include significant improvements being made to the nose-to-mouth lines and the roundness over the cheekbones, giving you a significantly more youthful appearance.

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Causes for dark eye circles

Eyes are the windows to the soul. But, what happens if these windows have ugly shades around them? Well, the shades in the form of dark circles under the eyes can be quite embarrassing. It not only makes one look older, but also gives an ominous look to the face. Furthermore, these dark circles are not restricted to older people alone. It can also occur in children and youth, as well. So, what are the reasons for these gloomy circles around the eyes?

Some of the main reasons you might want to consider dark eye circle treatment are:

  • Lack of sleep or excess of sleep: If sleep is not balanced, and a person lacks it, or overdoes it, the dark circles are bound to appear.
  • Alcohol and smoking: If one is addicted to alcohol or smoke a lot, then, the dark circles make their way into their lives as well as on their face.
  • Hereditary: Some people inherit good genes from their ancestors, while some others end up inheriting the dark circles.
  • Allergies: People suffering from nasal congestions and colds can also find these circles enveloping their eyes. This is due to their blood vessels getting dilated around the area.
  • Stress: This is one major reason that causes ominous-looking circles. While stress is a part of life and is unavoidable, we can try to minimize the circles.
  • Old age: With the aging process, the skin loses its thickness and starts sagging and darkening.
  • Iron Deficiencies: Iron is a very important nutrient for the blood and a deficiency of it can prevent the oxygen from getting transmitted to the eye tissues through blood.
  • Crying: Well, people who are emotional or are going through a lot of turmoil end up crying a lot, leading the way to dark circles.
  • Exposure to sun: When exposed to the sun, the body produces more melanin, which can lead to skin pigmentation.
  • Illnesses: Some illnesses like Mononucleosis, jaundice, Periorbital Cellulitis can also cause puffiness around the eyes.
  • Excessive salt intake: When too much salt is consumed, it leads to fluid retention in the body. And, this can again lead to dark circles.

Whatever the reason for dark eye circles, these need to be treated with proper medications and treatments. There are some effective dark eye circle treatments, which might include injectable fillers and other laser procedures. These can reduce the puffiness and lighten the circles around the eyes.

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Benefits of Lutein

Though every one of us may naturally be healthy, many of us tend to forget the fact that we must make efforts to maintain our health. One of the main mistakes we commit is to eat wrong foods that do not contain any nutrients. We are oblivious of the fact that this may lead to a number of health issues in future. Among such nutrients, lutein is very important because it can help us avoid being affected by ailments that are caused by free radicals that seem to be all-pervasive. It has also been proved that if we do not get sufficient lutein, we may be affected by issues with our stomach as well.

It is true that there are foods like eggs, corn, green and leafy vegetables, etc. that contain lutein. But unfortunately, we do not consume these foods as much as we should and hence, we are deprived of lutein. The only way to surmount this problem is to go for lutein supplements. Let us now look at how lutein can help us maintain the health of our stomach.


Free radicals enter our body through a number of sources, such as the air we breathe, the foods we eat and so on. The oxidative effects of these free radicals can be felt in many ways. One such effect is that there may be stomach disorders. We all know that the stomach is the organ that digests what we eat and ensures that the energy and the nutrition we get from the foods are passed on to various organs of our body with the help of our blood.

But when free radicals are allowed to act, they may make the digestive system sluggish, which means the body parts will not get the required nutrition or energy. This is one of the reasons that cause fatigue, lethargy, etc. in us. Lutein can nullify the impact of free radicals and invigorate the digestive system. To put it conversely, those who ignore the aspect of getting adequate quantities of lutein are more susceptible to getting affected by issues like indigestion and other stomach related problems.

In a nutshell, these supplements can work wonders to protect our stomach from the onslaught of free radicals. This means we can have a healthy digestive system that supplies a good amount of energy and nutrients to all our body parts. Therefore, our overall health will be excellent thanks to the benefits we get through lutein supplements.

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Surgery is not the only way to get back the looks of your 20s

Aging is a natural process. The impact of time and our current lifestyle usually shows on our skin. But today, there is such a wide range of treatments available in the market, which can help you stay young and maintain that 20s look for longer period of time. These treatments are both surgical like chin fillers and non-surgical in nature and are administered depending on the need of the skin. Here are some of the non-surgical procedures that take off a couple years from your skin:

Botox – Botox or Botulinium Toxin Type A is a protein derived from bacteria is an injectable toxin. Botox is injected in the skin in minute quantities and it works by relaxing the muscles under the skin. There is a decrease in the pull force on the surface of the skin, thereby smoothing any wrinkles in that area. Results of botox last between 4-6 months, depending upon the patient’s age and skin condition. If the lines on the skin are deeper and there is a substantial loss of skin elasticity, then other procedures like a threadlift or thermage are more effective.

Juvederm – Juvederm is a gel that contains hyaluronic acid, which is a type of sugar that is naturally prepared by the body to give elasticity and volume to skin. Juvederm when used in gel form can easily penetrate the skin and helps in giving a smooth and natural look. The Juvenderm gel works by binding the collagen and elastin together and the results can last for more than six months. The procedure is better compared to others as further deterioration of skin is also minimized with Juvederm.

Restylane – Restylane is also gel that removes wrinkles and gives volume to the injected area. The gel is a mixture of hyaluronic acid and water and is a perfect remedy for wrinkles on the chin, cheek lips and smile lines. Results of this technique can last up to six months.

Thread lift – Thread lift works by pulling the skin from underneath using strings. The technique is not that similar to a face-lift since the results of a thread-lift can last for a couple of months after which the skin begins to droop again and tightening is needed.

Thermage – Treatment of skin using thermage results in the building of skin collagen and restoring those perfect contours. The thermage technique makes use of radio frequency called ThermaCool. These frequency sources heat the skin and naturally restore collagen. The entire procedure takes about four months and the results are slow and steady. Thermage procedures work well for removing wrinkles, particularly on the neck, jawline, chin and upper eyelids. The results of this technology can last for a longer duration, which makes it a costlier treatment compared to other counterparts.

There is an expert team of dermatologists who help their patients to identify which of these techniques best suits to their patients who plan to undertake chin fillers in Singapore.

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How is Hydrogen Water different from Alkaline Water?

When you read articles on improving your health, you would have come across terms like “alkaline water” or “hydrogen water.” Many of you may not have heard of these products before since they are fairly recent developments in the fields of science and medicine. They were created to benefit our lives, make us healthier, and hopefully increase our lifespans. The benefits of these products are many, which is why they have become popular among fitness enthusiasts as well as doctors who recommend them. Let’s understand them better.

What is hydrogen water?

To put it simply, hydrogen water is regular water that contains dissolved hydrogen gas. Usually, you also find small amounts of magnesium as well. Magnesium is added since it reacts with water and breaks it down to hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Izumio Hydrogen Water is also created by electrolyzing ionizers that result in the formation of oxygen and hydrogen atoms. It is manufactured and sold under different brand names such as Izumio Hydrogen Water.

What is alkaline water?

This product can be described as regular water with a high pH level. On the pH scale, 7 is considered neutral, and anything above this is alkaline. The alkalinity range goes all the way up to 14. Alkaline water is produced using water ionizers and normally contains magnesium and calcium hydroxides. These compounds are known to be beneficial to the human body.

What is the difference between hydrogen and alkaline water?

The most distinctive difference between these products is what they are. One is a hydrogen-rich product while the other is alkaline. They are also manufactured using different processes. Despite their differences, both hydrogen water and alkaline water have great benefits for human health.

Hydrogen water is known to contain a lot of antioxidants, which are really important in preventing and reversing the harmful effects of free radicals. The hydrogen atoms neutralize free radicals and help eliminate them from our body. Hydrogen also plays a major role in gene expression and cell signaling. Another major role is the production and release of hormones like ghrelin which stimulates appetite. Studies show that hydrogen-rich water can benefit our systems in many other ways as well.

Alkaline water is also reported to be very beneficial to our health. It can help correct health problems like bone loss, weight loss, acid reflux, high blood pressure, digestive issues, etc. Alkaline water also provides better hydration than regular water, which makes it a very popular drink among athletes.

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Laser Treatment For Hyperpigmentation

Excess melanin causes hyperpigmentation on our skin, resulting in dark spots, freckles, sun spots, age spots, melasma and other darkened skin patches. These can be caused by exposure to the Sun, acne, hormonal changes, aging, and maybe even skin treatments that have gone wrong. Hyperpigmentation is usually harmless, but some may not like the aesthetic effect that they have. Wearing broad spectrum sunscreen is a good way to avoid getting spots, but there are various treatments available if you already have spots. Prescription ointments have been around for a while, but nowadays laser treatment is preferred as it provides better results. Most notably, Q-switched laser treatment is very effective in treating hyperpigmentation as it can remove pigment quickly and without scarring.

What is Q-switched laser treatment?

An Nd:YAG laser uses a crystal as a medium for the laser light and has a wavelength of 1064nm. This laser wavelength is capable of reaching deeper into the skin tissue compared to other types. A Q-switched laser is when an Nd:YAG laser produces two wavelengths – the 1064nm infrared and a different beam of 532nm wavelength which targets the superficial layers of the skin. In Q-switched mode, the laser produces high intensity beams in very short pulses. Q-switched laser can remove any unwanted dark spots, brown spots, sun spots, melasma and even tattoos from your skin.

Q-switched laser procedure

Protective eye-wear is worn during the procedure to protect the eyes from the laser. Topical anesthetic may be applied if required, but usually the pain is bearable. The sensation of the laser pulses is like hot pricks on the skin. Cold air is applied over the treatment area during the entire procedure in order to alleviate the hot, prickly sensations. After the procedure, an ice pack can be applied to soothe the treated area. Avoid scrubbing the treated area for at least a week following the procedure and avoid direct exposure to the sun and heat. It is advisable to moisturize the treated area with vaseline and keep it covered with bandages. A crust of skin will form and heal within 2 weeks. There is no downtime after a Q-switch laser treatment, but you can take it easy on your activities depending on which part of your body was treated.

If you want to try out a facial laser treatment, Singapore has some clinics that offer q-switched laser treatment for facial hyperpigmentation as well as for other issues, like acne marks, fairer skin and skin rejuvenation.

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Pest Control Agencies Explain the Process of Extermination

Pest extermination is an elaborate process and is not limited to ‘kill-on-sight’ tactics. Many times, these pests hide in areas that cannot be seen by the naked eyes. Therefore, one pest control tip is to engage a professional to check for hidden pests in your house. Check out https://www.pestbusters.com.sg/ if you are looking for a pest control service provider. To understand what they do, the procedure is broken down to the following steps: 

  • Structural and biological identification of the pest: The control measures deployed is species and morphology specific. The first step is thus identification. Structural identification gives an insight on the morphological characteristics of the pest and its behavior – is it nocturnal or active during the day? Depending on their activity a management process is devised. Weather also plays an important role in deciding the level of infestation.There are other areas where biological products have been successfully introduced to control pests. One such example is the use of BTI to control mosquito larvae. BTI is a larvicide composed of a toxin producing bacteria. The mosquito larvae are killed when they eat the bacteria. BTI will not kill mosquito pupae. Read more about it here.
  • Assessment and Inspection: After identifying the pest is inspection and assessment of spread. The process of assessment is done methodically. The technician is provided with protective gear as some tick bites are poisonous. The main reason for ineffective pest control treatment is improper assessment of infestation levels. Inspection identifies the regions of concentrated infestation. Harborage sites are identified and appropriate measures are taken. Few cases like roach infestation calls for a night inspection.
  • Treatment methods: Two approaches can be adopted – chemical and non-chemical. The professional decides which option works best after considering the implications and effectiveness of both strategies. The method of treatment also varies from domestic to commercial properties. In most cases, prevention is the first line of defense. Preventive measures like regular cleaning and sealing cracks can nullify the susceptibility of ants and rodent infestations. Chemical methods of pest control include spraying toxic formulations to the harborage sites. The chemicals used must be effective against eggs lest the problem reappears. Residual sprays are used first as they are easy to operate and have broad spectrum activity. In a few cases, sprays are ineffective if they are washed off (in the case of pools).  Non-chemical methods include setting up traps and baits.  This method is used to capture large pests like rodents.
  • Safe disposal of the insecticide: When chemical insecticides are used, safe disposal is important. Most of these chemicals are highly toxic with a very low lethal dosage. Safe disposal of pesticide is covered by Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority, Public Utility Board and National Environment Agency in Singapore. Unused or used pesticides cannot not be emptied out into water bodies or drains, this poses a potential threat to human and animal health. Disposal of pesticides, both agricultural and non-agricultural, is carried out by specific agencies.

Most pest control services in Singapore have tailored procedures suitable for different needs. Consult a professional service like PestBuster for any queries.

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Rodents: a carrier of deadly diseases

Rodents are known to be carriers of diseases. In fact they are one of the most potent groups among mammals who spread diseases. They have been able to not only adapt but also exploit a number of habitats and environments across the world. In agricultural and urban spaces, they have been a reason of quite concern as they are categorized as pests. Although a large section of rodents live in wild habitats, a small section have been able to adapt to urban setups, living in close proximity to the humans. They use agricultural products and waste of the urban population as their food. However, they sometimes predate upon furniture and food items, therefore becoming a carrier of deadly diseases. Even in advanced places like Singapore, rodents are a source of great trouble. Thus rodent control in Singapore is a basic need.

Diseases are spread by rats and mice. Unhygienic and dirty conditions lead to rodent infestation. Diseases can be directly transmitted by the rats or may spread through their droppings and urine. Whatever may be the source, diseases spread by rodents are very harmful and can turn into epidemics. Thus it is important that clean and hygienic conditions are maintained to keep an area free of rodents.

Diseases spread by rats:

Rat bites and rat scratches can be a cause of diseases and rat-bite fever. Leptospirosis is caused by rat urine, causing damage to liver and kidney. It can go to the extent of causing renal failure and even cause cardiovascular problems. Another disease caused by rodents is Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCMV). This disease is caused by a virus spread from the urine and saliva of rats. The effects of this disease may be felt for a short span of time or for a lifelong span.

Another most dangerous disease caused by rats is bubonic plague. This disease is extracted from the fleas from the rats bite human beings. This plague is also called the ‘black plague’ due to the effects it had during the medieval period in Europe. In history, that epidemic is referred to as ‘Black Death’. Plague is much under control now but is not yet eradicated. Even in urban areas like Singapore and Japan, plague can strike. Hence rodent control in Singapore should be practiced. There should be regular inspections from pest control centers to keep a check on rodent infestations. Apart from this, by all means one must maintain a clean and hygienic environment.

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Common signs of a cockroach problem

Though many of us come across cockroaches frequently, we may not know that these insects, being nocturnal, like to feed and live during nights and in dark surroundings. This means sighting a cockroach during day-time can be a sign that your building has been infested with these insects. 

Cockroaches like moist places for hiding and breeding and so, you can find them behind refrigerators and beneath the stoves or sinks. They can be found under the floor drains, or inside the motors of major appliances. They are capable of flattening their body and so, can fit even in narrow spots. So, they can be found underneath rubber mats, within the wall-cracks and behind the wallpaper of buildings.

If you apprehend that your building has been infested by cockroaches, you can be certain of it if you see their feces all around. The feces of small cockroaches resemble black pepper or coffee grounds whereas those of large ones will be cylindrical droppings. If you see large quantities of these feces, you can construe that these insects have been living and breeding in your building for many weeks.

Some of the cockroach species can emit unpleasant odor as well. This means that one of the commonest signs of a serious infestation of cockroaches is a musty odor or a strong oily odor. Furthermore, you can also see dead cockroaches all around your building. You can also see oothecae or the egg cases that are oval-shaped in hidden locations like the spots behind the furniture and between the books.

Once you are certain that your building, regardless of whether it is your home or office, has been infested by cockroaches, you should take immediate steps to eliminate them lest it becomes a major problem. Remember, cockroaches can spread serious diseases and so, ignoring them may pose a serious threat to the health of the inhabitants of your building. 

It is true cockroach control is difficult but it is not impossible. You should get in touch with the right pest control company and discuss with the experts of the company. The professionals of the company should visit your building for assessing the enormity or extent of the problem. This will help them devise their strategy to eradicate this menace.

Not only that, depending upon the seriousness of the problem, they can adopt the right ways for helping you. A good pest control company may not only help you in cockroach control but may also provide you with suggestions as to how you can prevent recurrence of the problem in future.

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All about Mosquito Fogging

The number of dengue cases in Singapore could increase in the next few months and peak in the middle of the year, said the National Environment Agency (NEA) on Thursday (Jan 19, 2017). A key concern is the higher population of the Aedes aegypti mosquito in the past month. NEA’s Gravitrap surveillance system detected about 60 per cent more Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in December 2016 compared to October that same year. Read more about it here.

If you live in a locality that is vulnerable to dengue attack, you can approach a good pest control company to carry out the task of mosquito fogging. Despite the continuous effort by NEA to curb the breeding of mosquitoes, their efforts are only limited to the public vicinity. Therefore, for those who are looking for a pest control service provider for their home, do check out Pestbuster Singapore for their exceptional services. 

Insecticide used

Usually, pest control companies use an insecticide that is not much different from the other insecticides that form a component of the insect’s sprays used in your households. These products are easily available on the shelves of your neighborhood supermarkets. The fog is created by a special fogging machine that sprays a mixture of both water and insecticide to form droplets.

The fog constitutes of very little insecticide and can be scattered in quantities that are capable of killing only very small insects like mosquitoes. This means you need not fear that the mosquito fogging activity will have an adverse impact on the health of people who could be exposed to this special fog occasionally. Moreover, the kind of insecticide which a pest control companies use is devoid of any kind of odor.

What is mosquito fogger?

It is a big machine that can be noisy while being used. Generally, it is taken to the affected site in a truck’s back. The vehicle moves slowly, usually powered by an alert light on those roads that are badly affected by dengue fever.

Residents of the area need to keep the windows and doors of their homes open while fogging is being carried out so that the fog can make its way inside a house to kill the mosquitoes present inside. Typically, a mosquito fogging activity is conducted during early morning or early evenings as these are the times when the dengue virus affected mosquitoes get more active for sucking human blood.

How mosquito fogging can be more effective?

Though mosquito fogging in Singapore can help in killing mosquitoes that carry the dengue vector, it is not sufficient to kill all mosquitoes or protect all from catching dengue infections. In order to control and bring down outbreaks of dengue, you need to make sure that a host of other actions is also taken side by side. Some of them are to control the breeding of mosquitoes in your backyard such as in buckets, containers for storing water, drums, and tires. Apart from that, you should do be careful about your personal protection by applying mosquito repellent before going to bed and wear outfits with long sleeves.

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